California State University San Bernardino

Department of Biology / College of Natural Sciences


Dr. Stuart S. Sumida

Fall 2014

LECTURE: PL-266, Tuesday/Thursday 10:00-11:50 A.M.

LABORATORY SECTION 1: BI-328, Tuesday/Thursday 1:00-3:50 P.M.

LABORATORY SECTION 2: BI-328, Monday/Wednesday 9:00-11:50 A.M.




Course Information

Instructor:  Dr. Stuart S. Sumida              

Office location:  BI-314

Telephone: 909-537-7338


Office hours: Tuesday and Thursday 12:00-13:00; Thursday 16:00-18:00

Class Days/Time: Tuesday and Thursday 10:00-11:50

Classroom:  PL-266

Laboratory Days/Time: Monday and Wednesday 9:00-11:50; Tuesday and Thursday 13:00-15:50

Laboratory:  BI-329


Course Description

Biology 323, “Upper Division Human Anatomy for Biology Majors” provides an overview of human anatomy from embryological/developmental, structural, functional, and evolutionary perspectives.  Early development of humans provides a basis for system-based lectures on skeletal, nervous, muscular, circulatory, digestive, excretory, and reproductive systems.  Regional approaches are used, particularly in the case of the head and neck.  For all systems and structures, an understanding of development, innervation, and vascularization will be expected.  Prerequisites: Biology 200, 201, 202, and 300 with a grade of “C” or better.


Course Objectives and Student Learning Outcomes

Wherein by University directive we restate what we just said in the course description above using the latest buzzwords- in this case, “SLOs”.  Student Learning Outcomes are the knowledge, skills, attitudes, competencies, and habits of mind that our students are expected to acquire. In BIOL 323 students will be expected to:



Student Learning Outcomes (SLOs)

BIOL 323 Course-specific Assessment

Biology SLO General

Develop an understanding of the structure and function of the human species

Lecture examination:

Written essay questions

Multiple choice questions

Biology SLO Geneeral

Develop an understanding of the mechanisms, tempo and mode of human evolution over the course of geological time

Lecture examination:

Written essay questions

Embedded multiple choice questions on supplemental reading

Biology SLO 2.1 Laboratory Practice & Techniques

Students will develop proper laboratory practice, proper use of equipment and the ability to use basic and advanced techniques in several areas of biology


Standard Laboratory Exercises

Laboratory practical examinations.

Biology SLO 5.1 Career & Advanced Degree Success

Graduates will demonstrate the ability to use their degrees to undertake careers in biology or to gain admittance to graduate or professional school.


Tracking medical and other health-science and biology related career paths of graduates.



1.  Cartmill, M., W. L. Hylander, and J. Shafland. 1987. Human Structure. Harvard University Press. (CM)


2.  Sumida, S. S. 1995. Laboratory Guide to Human Anatomy: Development, Musculoskeletal, and Nervous Systems. Burgess Publishing. (SSS1)


3.  Sumida, S. S. 1996. Laboratory Guide to Human Anatomy: Early Development of the Head and Neck, Visceral and Circulatory Systems Based on Dissection of the Cat. Burgess Publishing. (SSS2)


4.  Gilory, A.N.  B. R. MacPhearson, and L. M. Ross. 20012. Atlas of Anatomy, 2nd Editoon. Thieme Medical Publishers, New York. (GMR)


The atlas by Gilroy et al. is to be used as a laboratory aid, but has excellent text and will be useful for lecture study as well. Students are expected to have read all assigned material prior to the beginning of the designated lecture or laboratory section.



All students will do the exercise listed below as well as participate in dissections of animal cadaveric specimens under the direction of the course instructors.


White lab coats are not required for dissection labs. However, some kind of protective is recommended and will protect good clothing hat you might wear to the laboratory. The more practical alternative is to wear tough or inexpensive clothing that will stand up to frequent washing in hot water.


In accordance with State and University regulations:

1.    Close-toed shoes are required.

2.    The use of eye protection is required for sessions in which fumes or liquids might be encountered. Eye protection is recommended but not required for entrance to the laboratory. 


Animal cadavers are dissected in the Biology 342 course. All students must participate in the dissection laboratory or forfeit the 200 laboratory points. Objections to the use of preserved animal materials will not excuse students from laboratory requirements.


DISSECTION TOOLS: Minimal dissection tools that will be required for Biology 342 are: a blunt probe, scissors, a scalpel with replaceable blades, and a pair of forceps. Kits containing most of these are available in the student store but are of inferior quality. Medical grade tools are preferable and are available at the Loma Linda Medical Student bookstore and the UCLA Biomedical bookstore. The CSUSB Biology Club sells dissection kits at a discount. Announcements regarding their availability will be made during the first week.



 Dr. Sumida’s office hours will be held in room BI-314 on Tuesdays and Thursdays between lecture and lab directly after lecture from 12:00 to 13:00 and Thursdays 16:00 to 18:00.  Additional hours are normally scheduled near midterm and final examinations. Students enrolled in the Monday/Wednesday sections are welcome to speak to Dr. Sumida during the Tuesday/Thursday laboratory sections.

 Students may send questions to Dr. Sumida via e-mail at:  E-mailed questions for CSUSB courses are normally answered within 48 hours.  Answers may be to multiple students if more than one student asks a similar question via e-mail.  To facilitate speed of response, please make some kind of reference to Biology 323 in the subject line.



 Please note, web resources for this course are on Dr. Sumida’s webpage, and not on Blackboard.  The class syllabus, updates on grades, and lecture image summaries are available as PowerPoint or PDF files and will be available on the course website:

Please note, all files are currently available, but these files may be changed and updated as new information becomes available for any particular topic.  Please check for updates periodically. These files are meant as a study aid only and without the accompanying lecture information do not represent a complete overview of the course.  They are intellectual property of the instructor, Dr. Stuart Sumida, and are for student use in Biology 323 only and may not be otherwise distributed or reproduced.



All lectures are the copyrighted property of the instructor. Audio recordings (analog, MP3, or otherwise) of lectures may be made for individual use only. They may not be sold, reproduced, posted to the internet, or redistributed in any way. Although recorder devices may be used as a study aid, they may not be used in lieu of attendance. Attendance is expected of all students. No videotaping is allowed in the lecture or laboratory theaters.



 If you are in need of an accommodation for a disability in order to participate in this class, please let the professor know as soon as possible, and also contact Services to Students with Disabilities at UH-183, (909) 537-5238.  Please note: it is the student's responsibility to seek academic accommodations for a verified disability in a timely manner.



Cheating and plagiarism are not tolerated.  Students caught using unauthorized materials, or attempting to use/copy other students’ work, on exams or quizzes will be give a zero (0 points) grade for that exam or quiz and course failure will be considered.  Please see the “Academic Regulations and Procedures" in the CSUSB Bulletin of Courses for the university’s policies on course withdrawal, cheating, and plagiarism.



There will be two midterms of 150 and 200 points each. The final examination will be worth 300 points. Laboratory quizzes will be worth 100 points and the laboratory final will be worth 100 points. Total points graded equals 850 points attainable. There will be no make-up quizzes or practicals due to the need to prepare multiple stations for these types of evaluations. Examinations that are missed due to unavoidable problems (e.g. illness or a death in the family) will normally be made up as an ORAL EXAMINATION administered by the instructor. The course is not graded on a curve. Letter grades are not assigned for individual exams or quizzes; rather they are based on the cumulative points. Grades will be set according to the criteria listed below.  Extra credit is not available.


Grade Ranges, Percentage of Total Points:

A          -           88-100

A-        -           85-87

B+       -           82-84

B         -           75-81

B-        -           71-74

C+       -           67-70

C         -           60-66

C-        -           55-59

D         -           50-54

F          -           Below 50




Week/Date        Topic and Readings


Week 0

Th – 9/25            Lecture 1:  Introduction, the human as a vertebrate (CM: Chapter 1; SSS1: Introduction and Laboratory 1).


Week 1

T – 9/30              Lecture 2:  Early development of humans (CM: Chapter 1; SSS1 Laboratories 1-3).


Th – 10/2            Lecture 3:  Integument. Axial skeleton–structure and function (CM: Chapter 2).


Week 2             

T – 10/7              Lecture 4: Appendicular skeleton; structure and function (CM: Chapters 12-14).


Th – 10/9            Lecture 5: Organization of the nervous system, focus on autonomic nervous system.


Week 3             

T – 10/14            Lecture 6: Axial musculature; structure and function (CM: Chapters 2&4; SSS1 Laboratory 5). Introduction to organization of appendicular musculature (CM: Chapter 12).


Th – 10/16         First Midterm Examination (through lecture #6) – (150 points)


Week 4             

T – 10/21            Lecture 7: Musculo-skeletal organization of the hindlimb (lower limb). Innervation of the hindlimb (CM: Chapters 15-16).


Th – 10/23         Lecture 8: Musculo-skeletal organization of the forelimb (upper limb). Innervation of the forelimb (CM: Chapters 13-14).


Week 5             

T – 10/28            Lecture 9: Structural overview of the pelvis and perineum (CM: Chapter 11). Human Orthograde Locomotion (CM: Chapter 17).


Th – 10/30         Lecture 10: Development, structure, and development of the heart and great vessels. (CM: Chapters 6-7)


Week 6             

T – 11/4              Lecture 11: Blood vessels and the peripheral circulatory system. (Readings on circulatory structures at the end of CM Chapters 9-11,13,&15). Lymphatic system.


Th – 11/6            Second Midterm Examination (through lecture #10) – (200 points)


Week 7             

T – 11/11            Lecture 12:  Development, structure, and mechanics of the respiratory system (CM: Chapter 8; SSS2: Laboratory 4).


Th – 1113          Lecture 13:  Development, structure and function of the digestive system (CM: Chapter 9).


Week 8             

T – 11/18            Lecture 14:  Development and structure of the excretory system (CM: Chapter 10).  


Th – 11/20         Lecture 15:  Development and structure of the reproductive systems. (CM: pp. 160-174)


Week 9             

T – 11/25            Lecture 16:  Development, evolution and structure of the skull, associated innervation. (CM: Chapters 18,19,21).


Th – 11/27         Thanksgiving Holiday. Dissect a turkey.


Week 10           

T – 12/2              Lecture 17:  Cranio-facial soft tissues—structure, function and innervation. (CM: Chapters 18&21).


Th – 12/4            Lecture 18:  Organization of the neck. (CM: Chapter 22).


Finals Week

T – 12/9              Final Exam (cumulative) – (300 points)





All students will do the exercise listed below as well as participate in dissections of human cadaveric specimens under the direction of the course instructor.


Week/Date        Topic and Readings


Week 0

Th – 9/25            No laboratory meeting.


Week 1

M/T – 9/29-30    Early development and organization of the human body. (SSS1: Labs 1-3).


W/R – 10/2-3     Miniquiz (25 points) Adult organization of nervous and skeletal systems. (SSS1: Lab 4.)


Week 2             

M/T – 10/6-7      Finish overview of skeletal system (SSS1: Lab 4) if necessary.


W/R – 10/8-9     Muscular organization and segmental body plan of humans. (SSS1: Lab 5) Begin Lab 6.


Week 3             

M/T – 10/13-14  Begin Appendicular body plan and function - the lower extremity. (SSS1: Lab 6)


W/R – 10/15-16        Lower extremity continued


Week 4             

M/T – 10/20-21  Appendicular body plan and function - the upper extremity. (SSS1: Lab 7)


W/R – 10/22-23 Upper extremity continued.


Week 5             

M/T – 10/27-28  Organizational Overview of Abdomen, Thorax, and Pelvis. (SSS2: Lab 3) Start Lab 4.


W/R – 10/29-30        Laboratory MIDTERM PRACTICAL. (Through upper extremity.)


Week 6             

M/T – 11/3-4      Structures of the Thorax: Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Digestive, and Nervous Components. (SSS2: Lab 4)


W/R – 11/5-6     The Abdomen: Digestive, Circulatory, and Nervous Systems. (SSS2 Lab 5) [Start] Peripheral Circulatory System. (SSS2: Lab 6).


Week 7             

M/T – 11/10-11  [Finish] Peripheral Circulatory System. (SSS2: Lab 6).


W/R – 11/12-13        Structure of the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems. (SSS2: Lab 7)


Week 8             

M/T – 11/17-18  Structure of the Excretory and Reproductive Systems. (SSS2: Lab 8)


W/R – 11/19-20 Skeletal organization of the human skull; selected soft tissues of the head. (SSS1: Lab 8.)


Week 9             

M/T – 11/24-25  Soft tissues of the head and neck. Review of the nervous system. (SSS1: Lab 9.)


W/R – 11/26-27        Thanksgiving Holiday; Go home and dissect a turkey.


Week 10           

M/T – 12/1-2      Lab Review and catch-up


W/R – 12/3-4     Laboratory practical exam. 100 points






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